Tsitsernakaberd is the name of the Armenian Genocide monument and museum.  Literally it means "Fortress of swallows".  On a hillside, with somber walls, and swallows flying all around, the name is appropriate.  The slabs of stone around the eternal flame represent the provinces of historic Armenia huddled around a fire for warmth and protection.  Next to this, the two needle-like projections are like blades of grass, representing regrowth, one for Eastern Armenia and one for Western.  The long wall leading from the monument to the underground museum has the names of the larger towns and provinces where Armenians were wiped out.  The museum, a simple but moving circular design shows documents, photos and maps in captivating displays.

On April 24th, hundreds of thousands of people visit to lay red carnations, tulips and roses around the flames, forming a large wall of flowers.